East India

East India is a region of India consisting of the states of West Bengal, Bihar, Jharkhand, and Orissa

Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Area 418, 323 km
States and territories West Bengal, Orissa, Bihar and Jharkhand
Most populous cities (2008) Kolkata, Durgapur, Bhubaneswar, Patna, Siliguri, Asansol, Cuttack, Ranchi
Official languages Bengali, Hindi and Odiya
Population 226,925,195

About the state of Jharkhand

People of Jharkhand :

Jharkhand was carved out of southern Bihar, home to several tribes. Prominent among them are the Mundas, the earliest tribal settlers in the area. The Santhals are the last of the tribes to settle down here. Hence the people and culture of Jharkhand is drenched in traditions.

The tribal people of the state live in villages and are dependent on agriculture to earn their livelihood but since they have not been exposed to modern techniques of farming they follow traditional methods.

The tribal people celebrate various festivals and the most prominent festivities during festivals is the performance of tribal songs and dance in groups. Jhumar is a popular dance form performed during festivals and special occasions.

Economy of Jharkhand

Jharkhand has a wealth of mining industries and mineral deposits. The region accounts for 35.5% of India’s known coal reserves, 90% of its coke coal, bauxite, quartz and ceramic deposits and 40% of its copper. It is home to the large steel plants of Bokaro and Jamshedpur. Engineering Companies such as the HEC & MECON have established a considerable presence in Ranchi, the capital city.

Culture of Jharkhand

The tribal communities of Jharkhand date back 5000 years, according to some historians, proven by the cave paintings discovered in the region. For all those who are keen to see the art and craft traditions of Jharkhand, the Tribal Research Institute and Museum in Ranchi has many interesting displays.

Dance and music make up an integral part of their social interaction, which is true of most tribal societies all over the world. "Sarhul" is the most celebrated tribal festival of the region when they worship the Sal tree with much dance, music, drinking and camaraderie.

"Paitkar’ painting in scrolls and elegant stone work are delicate and intricate handicrafts of the region that rarely find their way to the market for lack of sponsorship. Woodwork, bamboo crafts, metal work and toys are widely made by the tribes of the region.

About the state of West Bengal

West Bengal Jstate of India, located in the eastern part of the country. It is bounded to the north by the state of Sikkim and the country of Bhutan, to the northeast by the state of Assam, to the east by the country of Bangladesh, to the south by the Bay of Bengal, to the southwest by the state of Odisha, to the west by the states of Jharkhand and Bihar, and to the northwest by the country of Nepal.

West Bengal has a peculiar configuration; its breadth varies from 200 miles (320 km) at one point to hardly 10 miles (16 km) at another. Its roughly 1,350-mile (2,200-km) frontier with Bangladesh, neither natural nor well defined, is of strategic importance. Although in area West Bengal ranks as one of the smaller states of India, it is one of the largest in population. The capital is Kolkata (Calcutta). Area 34,267 square miles (88,752 square km). Pop. (2011) 91,347,736.

Bengali, the main language of the state, is spoken by much of the population. Other languages include Hindi, Santali, Urdu (primarily the language of Muslims), and Nepali (spoken largely in the area of Darjiling). A small number of people speak Kurukh, the language of the Oraon indigenous group. English, together with Bengali, is the language of administration, and English and Hindi serve as lingua francas at the national level.

About the state of Orissa

Odisha, also called Orissa, state of India. Located in the northeastern part of the country, it is bounded by the states of Jharkhand and West Bengal to the north and northeast, by the Bay of Bengal to the east, and by the states of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana to the south and Chhattisgarh to the west. Before India became independent in 1947, Odisha’s capital was at Cuttack. The present capitol was subsequently built at Bhubaneshwar, in the vicinity of the city’s historic temples in the east-central coastal plains. In late 2011 the state’s name was officially changed from Orissa to Odisha. Area 60,119 square miles (155,707 square km). Pop. (2011) 41,947,358.

Center place of three states

In unreached remote villages and forests of East India (West Bengal, Jharkhand, Orissa) still many people are Illiterate, they live in below Poverty, have no good water facilities, facing unemployment problem, have no good health and live in superstition & alcohols, many are physically and mentally handicaps, not getting proper food in three times, do not having proper clothes, people have been effected by tornado, super cyclone, tsunamis, drought etc. The tribal/back ward casts girls/women are misused ..

People are affected by fanatical political groups and their dominating on them in difference ways.

Because of all this people are in horrible situation so they need your courage and cooperation in their living. Your love will move them to live in peace and been well citizens by transforming their life.

Problems identified in the Reference Area:

  • Acute poverty and high incidence of indebtedness owing to frequent failures of crop
  • High out migration
  • Low literacy levels especially amongst women and high incidence of drop outs
  • Large number of at-risk families vulnerable to HIV/AIDS/TB/Leprosy especially amongst Migrant labourers
  • Female foeticide and gender abuse
  • Limited access to quality RCH Services
  • Prevalence of domestic violence and sexual abuse of adolescent girls especially those belonging to poor and marginalized communities
  • Christians are in minorities and under highly abuse and been victims by fanatics
  • Terrorists/Maoist zone
  • Many villages do not having good drinking water and Electrification

Problems identified in the Reference Area:

The Operational area falls within one of the poverty stricken and terror ruined, naxal/Maoist infested regions in the State characterized by erratic rainfall and extreme temperatures with high humidity and acute shortage of safe drinking water. Majority of the inhabitants in this region are tribal and primitive tribal groups constituting around 17.6% of the total population. They live in most appalling conditions in one roomed thatched hutments known as Guphris in squatter settlements devoid of any basic facilities. Being unlettered for several generations, these pastoral communities lives under prangs of illiteracy, indebtedness, disease and deprivation. Agriculture and gathering of non timber minor forest produce is the main stay of these communities.

Inadequate water resources pose a big threat to the economy, human activities and livelihood in the region. Scanty rainfall with wide aberrations in its distribution has made the situation worse leading to recurrent draught. There are hardly any adequate water resources left in the region to sustain the agricultural production. The gradual disappearance of Green cover in the region has further aggravated the draught situation. There is apprehension that the region will soon become an “ENVIRONMENTAL REFUGEE” ZONE given the large scale soil degradation and depletion of ground water levels to an alarmingly high pace of 1.05 mtrs per annum. There is 32% deficit of food grain in the region. Process of desertification has been advancing very fast during last five decades which was testified by the amount of fallow land deserted in the region. ? Though the official figures do not agree, around 42-56% of population in different parts of the district lives below the poverty line, 92% of the land holdings are small and marginal and the agricultural labour constitutes around 78%. Food crops being non remunerative the peasants have shifted to cash crops like groundnut and chilies with heavy infusion of inorganic pesticides thereby contaminating every available source of water bodies. Further, frequent failure of these cash crops coupled with heavy debt burden drives the small peasants to an extreme level of committing suicides. Habitations are very much affected with the ground water levels declining to a frightening level of 500 feet and water quality problems are associated with high levels of contaminants. Draught is a perennial and recurring feature of this region and it leads to large scale migration in search of alternative livelihoods, loss of human life due to stress, starvation or unhygienic conditions and increased social conflict.

Small and marginal farmers are the hardest hit on this front. Agricultural avocation has become non sustainable forcing it’s dependents to migrate to the distant lands in search of alternative livelihood. The out-migration has brought-in fresh burden of HIV and AIDS which started confronting rural communities like wild fire.