About the state of Jharkhand
People of Jharkhand :
Jharkhand was carved out of southern Bihar, home to several tribes. Prominent among them are the Mundas, the earliest tribal settlers in the area. The Santhals are the last of the tribes to settle down here. Hence the people and culture of Jharkhand is drenched in traditions.
The tribal people of the state live in villages and are dependent on agriculture to earn their livelihood but since they have not been exposed to modern techniques of farming they follow traditional methods.
The tribal people celebrate various festivals and the most prominent festivities during festivals is the performance of tribal songs and dance in groups. Jhumar is a popular dance form performed during festivals and special occasions.
Economy of Jharkhand
Jharkhand has a wealth of mining industries and mineral deposits. The region accounts for 35.5% of India’s known coal reserves, 90% of its coke coal, bauxite, quartz and ceramic deposits and 40% of its copper. It is home to the large steel plants of Bokaro and Jamshedpur. Engineering Companies such as the HEC & MECON have established a considerable presence in Ranchi, the capital city.
Culture of Jharkhand
The tribal communities of Jharkhand date back 5000 years, according to some historians, proven by the cave paintings discovered in the region. For all those who are keen to see the art and craft traditions of Jharkhand, the Tribal Research Institute and Museum in Ranchi has many interesting displays.
Dance and music make up an integral part of their social interaction, which is true of most tribal societies all over the world. "Sarhul" is the most celebrated tribal festival of the region when they worship the Sal tree with much dance, music, drinking and camaraderie.
"Paitkar’ painting in scrolls and elegant stone work are delicate and intricate handicrafts of the region that rarely find their way to the market for lack of sponsorship. Woodwork, bamboo crafts, metal work and toys are widely made by the tribes of the region.